The activity was organized by the University of La Serena, through the School of Education, the area of Philosophy and the career of Pedagogy in Basic General Education, together with the Millennium Institute for Depression and Personality Research, MIDAP.
With the commitment to make a link with the environment and enhance the teaching and research of the ULS with the educational community of the Coquimbo Region, the open seminar “Psychosocial prevention and early intervention of depression: A socioeducational perspective” was held. The activity sought to optimize the quality of comprehensive and undergraduate training of education professionals, and thus ensure the quality and effectiveness of the training processes, integrating the participation of all key actors.
“Psychosocial risk factors, is a topic that has been visible in recent times and is something that not only calls for public health, because the issues of depression and other partners, are also answered through education. This makes us a lot of sense, because those who are trained in universities do it through profiles of expenditures that are permanently reviewed and that have to take care of what is happening in our environment, ”said the Coordinator of Ped's career. in Basic General Education, Dr. Héctor Bugueño.
To contextualize the matter, the MIDAP institute researchers, Dr. Claudio Martínez and Dr. Alemka Tomicic, presented in general terms the work and role that this initiative fulfills and the projects in which work is being done to advance this problem.
The MIDAP institute, funded by the Millennium Science Initiative, is a scientific center of excellence made up of psychologists, psychiatrists and professionals from various areas of social and health sciences, which is made up of eight professionals and 150 researchers. Among his work is the study of depression to achieve a multidimensional understanding of the disease.
“Sadness is not depression. Depression is a universal phenomenon, which produces high levels of disability, constituting an individual and social burden. It has high mental health expenses and is susceptible to intervention at the primary, secondary and tertiary levels. According to the national health survey in Chile, 15.8% of the general population older than 18 years reports having experienced depressive symptoms in the last year, ”explained Dr. Martínez.
For her part, Dr. Alemka pointed out that “according to data provided by the World Health Organization in the year 2014, worldwide, among young adults from 15 to 29 years of age, suicide causes 8.5 % of deaths and is classified as the second leading cause of death after traffic accidents. It is also the second cause of death for women and the third for men from 10 to 24 years. ”
The specialist also delved into the theme of sexual identity and depression in LGBT youth. “We have to show the value and resilience that historically had people with sexual and gender orientation to face discrimination, recognize them as part of a historical legacy, with the formation of groups that seek to make visible, find and build relationships in communities that deliver support, ”he emphasized.
Undergraduate students, professors and professionals from the area participated, who had the opportunity to discuss and reflect on this disease that affects a large part of the adolescent population.
Written by Daniela Ledezma, UGIP